One of the main and most known tourist attractions of Esfahan city is Si-o-Se Pol bridge. This historical bridge of Isfahan is also called the Allah-Verdi Khan Bridge. No doubt, every visitor or tourist coming to Isfahan will not end their journey without visiting this beautiful bridge that symbolizes Iranian-Islamic architecture.
Although nowadays with the drying up of the Zayandeh River the Sio- se- pol River no longer has its former visual appeal, the bridge is still one of the main symbols of Esfahan. Si-o-se-pol was built between 1599 and 1602, under the reign of Abbas I, the fifth Safavid king (shah) of Iran. It was constructed under the supervision of Allahverdi Khan Undiladze, the commander-in-chief of the armies, who was of Georgian origin, and was also named after him. The bridge has 33 arch and total lenghth 259 meter (976.9 ft) and a total width of 14.75 metres (48.4 ft). The bridge was built by architect Master Hossein Bana Esfahani on Zayandehrood river.
The materials used to build the bridge include stone, brick, plaster and Sarooj. According to architectural and geological experts, the foundation was laid in such a way that moisture would give the bridge greater strength and resistance. For this reason, water and moisture are vital to the bridge and concerns about drought and lack of water should be taken seriously.
There are widespread rumors about number 33 arch on the bridge beetwen people. Some believe because Allah Verdi khan was of Georgian descent. And since the Georgian alphabet had thirty-three letters, he also built the bridge because of its association with thirty-three letters. But some believe sio se pol bridges originally had forty arches and rejects this theory. Some say that the number thirty-three is related to Anahita the goddess of water and that the bridge is actually a symbol of the thirty-three arches of the water goddess Anahita.
Sio se pol bridge also a place to hold ceremonies and watch people come together and have fun; although these ceremonies are not being held anymore. The most important of these can be mentioned as the feast of the Abpasha and the Armenian Epiphany known as Khajshoyan.
Epiphany cermony is one of the Christian ceremonies in which Christians are baptized. The Armenians of Isfahan used to hold this religious ceremony on the beside of the Zayandehrood River on January 9th each year, alongside the beautiful sio se pol bridge.
another ceremony that made people get out of their houses and have fun together was Ab-Pashan. every year, in 4th of July people got together near the bridge, having light-hearted pleasure by sprinkling water on each other and dancing.
Architects and travelers around the world recognize this bridge as one of the world's architectural masterpieces.
The bridge is built of yellow bricks and limestone, the typical materials for Safavid era structures. Niches formed by the arches are perfect for sitting and chatting while enjoying the view of the city. One of the arches hosted a tea house for a while, but later it was closed.
Sio se pol bridge has two-story and people use both floors to cross. Each bridge has two columns and are connected to each other and this connection creates a large arch. On either side of the bridge there are stairs that maintain the connection of the upper and lower floors of the bridge. The pavement of sio se pol has ninety-nine small niches that give the bridge a unique beauty, it's been said they used to have beautiful painting boards on it. The arches of this bridge have columns of 2 to 5 meters high that have high resistance.
The Bridge of Allahverdi Khan is connected to The magnificent street of Chaharbagh. In the Safavid period, the Armenians had the right to gather up the area constructed first by the Bridge and to trade their property and their industries with isfahanian artisans, and they did not have the right to cross the Bridge through the city.
This beautiful building, which has survived despite its great time and natural and historical events, is worth the visit Esfahan, although it is likely that nobody is expected to see the most magnificent Bridge in the world.
There are two passage-ways on the Bridge and under the Bridge. From on the Bridge, you can see a better view of the river and the city, but under the Bridge is has perfect to walk and sit. You can also walk and ride a bicycle through along on the Bridge. It is the best place to go in your free time and take amazing photos.
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